The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, and the 10th longest in Canada, rising near Mount Robson in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1,400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. The Fraser drains a 220,000 km² (85,000 sq mi) area. Its source is near Yellowhead Pass, and for the first part of its course it runs northwest, reaching past 54° north before making a sharp turn to the south. At the city of Prince George it is joined by the Nechako River, then continues south and slightly east. It is joined by the Thompson River at Lytton, where it proceeds south until it is approximately 40 km (25 mi) north of the 49th parallel, which is Canada’s border with the United States. It then issues from the Coast Mountains from the deep Fraser Canyon about 270 km long. The river then turns west through the lush Fraser Valley, past Chilliwack, Abbotsford, Mission and the eastern suburbs of Vancouver. After 100 kilometres, it forms a delta where it empties into the Strait of Georgia between the mainland and Vancouver Island.
The lands south of the City of Vancouver, including the cities of Richmond and Delta sit on the flat flood plain. The islands of the delta include Iona Island, Sea Island, Lulu Island, Annacis Island, and a number of smaller islands. The river’s volume at its mouth is 112 km³ (27 cu mi) each year (about 800,000 gal/s or 3550 cubic metres per second), and it dumps 20 million tons of sediment into the ocean.
As the river runs through the most densely populated area of BC including Provincial and Regional Parks, there is a plentiful supply of boat launches and camping facilities.
Species Guide: Cutthroat Trout, Rainbow Trout, Lake Sturgeon, Lake Trout, Chum Salmon, Sockeye Salmon, Coho Salmon, Pink Salmon, Chinook Salmon, Dolly Varden